Andorra la Vella

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Andorra la Vella is the capital of the Co-principality of Andorra, and is located high in the east Pyrenees between France and Spain. It is also the name of the parish that surrounds the capital.

The principal industry is tourism, although the country also earns foreign income from being a tax-haven. Furniture and brandies are local products.

Contents

Geography and climate

Andorra la Vella is located in the south west of Andorra, at 42°30′N 1°30′E / 42.5°N 1.5°E / 42.5; 1.5,[1] at the confluence of two mountain streams, the Valira del Nord and the Valira del Orient, which join to form the Gran Valira. It adjoins the urban area of Escaldes-Engordany. Being at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356 ft), it is the highest capital city in Europe and a popular ski resort.

It has a temperate climate with cold winters and warm, drier summers. Temperatures range from an average of around −1 °C (30.2 °F) in January to around 20 °C (68 °F) in July;[2] there is 808 millimetres (31.8 in) of precipitation a year.

History

The site of Andorra la Vella (literally, "Andorra the Old") has been settled since prior to the Christian era — notably by the Andosin tribe from the late Neolithic. The state is one of the Marca Hispanica created and protected by Charlemagne in the eighth century as a buffer from the Moorish settlers in the Iberian Peninsula.[3]

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