Animated cartoon

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An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). This is distinct from the terms "animation" and "animated film," as not all follow the definition.

Although cartoons can use many different types of animation, they all fall under the traditional animation category.

Contents

History

Early examples of attempts to capture the phenomenon of motion into a still drawing can be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple legs in superimposed positions, clearly attempting to convey the perception of motion.

The phenakistoscope (1832), zoetrope (1834) and praxinoscope (1877), as well as the common flip book, were early animation devices to produce movement from sequential drawings using technological means, but animation did not develop further until the advent of motion picture film.

A phenakistoscope disc by Eadweard Muybridge. Phenakistoscope machine invented by Joseph Plateau (1832)

Simulated mirror view of the disc

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