Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

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The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Russian: Вооружё́нные Си́лы Росси́йской Федера́ции Transliteration: Voruzhonnije Síly Rossíyskoj Federátsii) are the military services of Russia, established after the break-up of the Soviet Union. On 7 May 1992 Boris Yeltsin signed a decree establishing the Russian Ministry of Defence and placing all Soviet Armed Forces troops on the territory of the RSFSR under Russian Federation control.[3] The Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces is the President of the Russian Federation (currently Dmitry Medvedev). Although the Russian army was formed in 1991, Russian military dates its roots back to the times of the Kievan Rus'.

Currently the Russian army employs about 1,100,000 Regular troops and about another 1,000,000 Reserve troops.[citation needed] Russia's claimed defense budget stands at US$61 billion for FY2010[citation needed] but the actual spending on the armed forces is estimated to be a lot higher than that. Currently the Russian army is undergoing extensive and well-financed technological modernisation of its forces. Russia is one of the few countries that has an fully indigenous arms industry, producing its own military equipment.

Contents

History

As the Soviet Union officially dissolved on December 31, 1991, the Soviet military was left in limbo. For the next year and a half various attempts to keep its unity and transform it into the military of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) failed. Over time, the units stationed in Ukraine and some other breakaway republics swore loyalty to their new national governments, while a series of treaties between the newly independent states divided up the military's assets.[4] On 7 May 1992, Yeltsin appointed himself as the new Russian minister of defence, marking a crucial step in the creation of the new Armed Forces. By December 1993 CIS military structures had become CIS military cooperation structures with all real influence lost.

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