Arne Jacobsen

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Arne Emil Jacobsen, usually known as Arne Jacobsen, (11 February 1902 – 24 March 1971) was one of Denmark's most successful architects and designers. In particular, he is remembered for developing the 'Danish Modern' style and for contributing so much to architectural functionalism. In addition to his architectural work, he was one of the most important contributors to Danish design, especially as a result of the worldwide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs.[1]

Contents

Biography

Early life and education

Arne Jacobsen was born on 11 February 1902 in Copenhagen to upper-middle-class Jewish parents. He first hoped to become a painter but was dissuaded by his father who encouraged him to opt instead for the more secure domain of architecture. After a spell as an apprentice mason, Jacobsen was admitted to the Architecture School at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts where from 1924 to 1927 he studied under Kay Fisker and Kaj Gottlob, both leading architects and designers.[2]

Still a student, in 1925 Jacobsen participated in the Paris Art Deco fair, Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, where he won a silver medal for a chair design. On that trip, he was struck by the pioneering aesthetic of Le Corbusier's L'Esprit Nouveau pavilion. Before leaving the Academy, Jacobsen also travelled to Germany, where he became acquainted with the rationalist architecture of Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. Their work influenced his early designs including his graduation project, an art gallery, which won him a gold medal.[3] After completing architecture school, he first worked at city architect Poul Holsøe's architectural practice.[4]

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