Artesia, Mississippi

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Artesia is a town in Lowndes County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 498 at the 2000 census.



Artesia was originally Artesia Junction, a junction point on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. During the railroad's construction in the 1850s, an offer was made to the towns of Columbus and Aberdeen to route the railroad through the towns, but both towns refused. Columbus reconsidered a few months later; but by that time, the railway had already chosen a route well to the west of the town. However, the railroad did extend a spur line in order to serve Columbus, and that spur line joins the main line at the site of present-day Artesia.

The name originates from a cluster of artesian wells that were found in the area.


Artesia is located at 33°24′58″N 88°38′43″W / 33.41611°N 88.64528°W / 33.41611; -88.64528 (33.416077, -88.645249)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square mile (1.9 km²), of which 0.7 square mile (1.9 km²) is land and 1.33% is water.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 498 people, 176 households, and 124 families residing in the town. The population density was 671.8 people per square mile (259.8/km²). There were 196 housing units at an average density of 264.4/sq mi (102.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 79.32% African American, 19.88% White, 0.20% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, and 0.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 176 households out of which 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.7% were married couples living together, 30.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.50.

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