Arthur Schnitzler

related topics
{son, year, death}
{film, series, show}
{work, book, publish}
{theory, work, human}
{woman, child, man}
{group, member, jewish}
{disease, patient, cell}

Dr. Arthur Schnitzler (May 15, 1862, Leopoldstadt, Vienna - October 21, 1931, Vienna) was an Austrian author and dramatist.

Contents

Biography

Arthur Schnitzler, son of a prominent Hungarian-Jewish laryngologist Johann Schnitzler and Luise Markbreiter (a daughter of the Viennese doctor Philipp Markbreiter), was born in Praterstraße 16, Leopoldstadt, Vienna, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and began studying medicine at the University of Vienna in 1879. He received his doctorate of medicine in 1885 and worked at the Vienna's General Hospital (German: Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien, AKH), but ultimately abandoned medicine in favour of writing.

His works were often controversial, both for their frank description of sexuality (Sigmund Freud, in a letter to Schnitzler, confessed "I have gained the impression that you have learned through intuition — though actually as a result of sensitive introspection — everything that I have had to unearth by laborious work on other persons")[1] and for their strong stand against anti-Semitism, represented by works such as his play Professor Bernhardi and the novel Der Weg ins Freie. However, though Schnitzler was himself Jewish, Professor Bernhardi and Fräulein Else are among the few clearly-identified Jewish protagonists in his work.

Schnitzler was branded as a pornographer after the release of his play Reigen, in which ten pairs of characters are shown before and after the sexual act, leading and ending with a prostitute. The furore after this play was couched in the strongest anti-semitic terms;[2] his works would later be cited as "Jewish filth" by Adolf Hitler. Reigen was made into a French language film in 1950 by the German-born director Max Ophüls as La Ronde. The film achieved considerable success in the English-speaking world, with the result that Schnitzler's play is better known there under Ophüls' French title.

Full article ▸

related documents
The More the Merrier
Vaslav Nijinsky
Friedrich Dürrenmatt
The Crow Road
Lost Horizon (novel)
José Luis Rodríguez "El Puma"
Murder Must Advertise
Edward Albee
A Severed Head
Tess
The Private Life of Henry VIII
Miss Lulu Bett
Grandma Duck
Piter De Vries
The Obsolete Man
Driving Miss Daisy
Imitation of Life (novel)
Ann Radcliffe
Bram Stoker
John William Polidori
Adamari López
Roy Chapman Andrews
Richard Dadd
Vivien Merchant
The Go-Between
Alex Burgess
Heaven Can Wait (1943 film)
The Eyes of the Dragon
Alice B. Toklas
Flirting with Disaster