Atlantic Records

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Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label best known for its many recordings of rhythm and blues, rock and roll, and jazz.[1] Long one of the most important American independent labels, Atlantic now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group, which consolidated Atlantic Records and the Elektra Records into an umbrella label titled Atlantic Records Group in 2004.[2] Craig Kallman is currently Chairman of Atlantic Records. Ahmet Ertegün served as "Founding Chairman" until his death on December 14, 2006 at age 83.[3] The label also has a number of deals with previously independent labels such as Must Destroy (which brought Goldie Lookin Chain and The Darkness into the label)[4] and VP Records in Jamaica, home to reggae artists such as Sean Paul.[5]

Contents

History

Early Years

The label was founded in 1947 by Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson.[6][7] Upon its creation, Atlantic was principally a jazz and Rhythm and blues label,[6] signing Ray Charles from 1952 to 1959,[8] though it also released some country and western recordings as well. In the early fifties Ahmet was joined by Jerry Wexler[9] and then Nesuhi Ertegun.[10][11] From February 7, 1955[12] Nesuhi headed the label's jazz division and was responsible for major signings such as Charles Mingus and John Coltrane;[10] later Joel Dorn became Nesuhi's full-time assistant from the success of his produced album The Laws of Jazz by flutist Hubert Laws.[13][14] Although it began as an independent record company, it became a major player in the music business in the 1960s, with mainstream pop signings like Sonny & Cher.[9] Competing record labels included Columbia Records and RCA Records.[15]

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