Augustinians

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The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (354–431), are several Christian monastic orders and men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. Prominent Augustinians[1] include the only English Pope Adrian IV[2] Italian Pope Eugene IV, mystic Thomas à Kempis, Dutch Christian humanist Desiderius Erasmus, the German Reformer Martin Luther, the Spanish navigator Andrés de Urdaneta, Italian composer Vittoria Aleotti, German mystic Anne Catherine Emmerich and the Austrian geneticist Gregor Mendel. The order has made a very significant missionary contribution to Christianity as well as establishing educational and charitable institutions throughout the world.

Contents

The main branches of the order internationally

The Augustinian family worldwide is made up of two main kinds:

The latter is further divided into five main branches:

Some of the most visible contemporary groups of Augustinians includs:

Order of Saint Augustine

The O.S.A.s, formerly called Augustinian Hermits, but today known as Augustinian Friars or Austin Friars, are a mendicant order. Being friars, they pray the Liturgy of the Hours throughout every day. This Latin Rite branch is active in society (i.e. not enclosed). It is headed by the international Prior-General in Rome, and while spiritually and historically connected is now canonically separate from the other Independent Augustinian Communities such as the Canons Regular, Discalced Augustinians, Augustinian nuns, Premontres, Augustinian Recollects and the Dominicans.

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