Badajoz is a province of western Spain located in the autonomous community of Extremadura. It was formed in 1833. It is bordered by the provinces of Cáceres, Toledo, Ciudad Real, Córdoba, Sevilla, and Huelva, and by Portugal.
With its area of 21 766 km2., it is the largest province in Spain. The other province of Extremadura, Cáceres, is the second largest.
Badajoz has a population of 662,808 (2002). Its capital is the city of Badajoz. See also List of municipalities in Badajoz.
Although in many districts there are low ranges of hills, the surface is more often a desolate and monotonous plain, flat or slightly undulating. Its one large river is the Guadiana, which traverses the north of the province from east to west, fed by many tributaries; but it is only at certain seasons that the river-beds fill with any considerable volume of water, and the Guadiana may frequently be forded without difficulty. The climate is continental with great extremes of heat in summer and of cold in winter, when fierce north and north-west winds blow across the plains.
After Badajoz, the capital, the principal towns are Almendralejo, Azuaga, Don Benito, Jerez de los Caballeros, Mérida, Zafra, Montijo and Villanueva de la Serena.
The Province of Badajoz is divided into 134 municipalities:
There are also traditional comarcas in Badajoz Province, like La Siberia and Llanos de Olivenza, but these don't have much official recognition.
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