Baldwin, Maine

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Baldwin is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,290 at the 2000 census. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.



First called Flintstown Plantation, it was granted in 1774 by the Massachusetts General Court to survivors of the Concord, Massachusetts company commanded by Captain John Flint. It replaced a grant of about 1735 which gave them Township No. 3, because when state borders were adjusted in 1741, the town turned out to be in New Hampshire -- present-day Walpole. On June 23, 1802, Flintstown was incorporated as Baldwin, named for Colonel Loammi Baldwin, namesake of the Baldwin apple. Sebago was set off and incorporated in 1826. [1]

The surface of the town is broken, but with soil favorable to grain and hay. Baldwin would be noted for its orchards, and a factory was established in East Baldwin for drying apples. There was also a corn factory. Brooks provided water power for various mills, which produced board lumber, barrel staves and shooks. During drought, the Saco Water Power Company could regulate water at Great Falls to run mills down the Saco River in Saco and Biddeford. The Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad followed the Saco River valley for the length of Baldwin. [2]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94.1 km²), of which, 35.3 square miles (91.4 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.7 km²) of it (2.84%) is water. Baldwin is drained by Breakneck Brook and the Saco River.

The town is crossed by state routes 5, 107, 113 and 117. It is bordered by Sebago on the north, Standish on the east, Hiram on the west, and Cornish and Limington on the south.

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