Baldwin Township, Pennsylvania

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Baldwin Township is a township in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,244 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all of it land. Its average elevation is 1,171 feet (357 m) above sea level [1].

Surrounding communities

History

The area that would become Baldwin Township was originally settled around 1780. The Allegheny County Court of Quarter Sessions established Baldwin Township on February 24, 1844, from Upper St. Clair, Lower St. Clair, Jefferson, and Mifflin Townships.[2] The area was named for Henry Baldwin, a Pittsburgh lawyer who served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1830 until his death in 1844.

Baldwin Township was originally 10,550 acres (43 kmĀ²) and consisted of the present day Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Carrick, Hays, Brookline, and Overbrook along with the present day municipalities of Brentwood, Whitehall, Castle Shannon, and Baldwin Borough.

The coal seam lying underneath Baldwin Township made mining the township's largest industry. The township was also home to the first glass factories in Allegheny County. Agriculture was important part of Baldwin Township's economy from 1753 - 1876. Its most well-known agricultural exports were cherries and whisky (many citizens of Baldwin Township were part of the Whiskey Rebellion).

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