Baptism

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Jesus Christ is the central figure of Christianity.

Eastern Orthodox · Oriental Orthodox (Miaphysite) · Assyrian

Jehovah's Witness · Latter Day Saint · Unitarian · Christadelphian · Oneness Pentecostal · Iglesia ni Cristo

In Christianity, baptism (from Greek βαπτίζω baptizo: "immersing", "performing ablutions", i.e., ritual washing)[2] is for the majority the rite of admission, almost invariably with the use of water, into the Christian Church generally[3] and also membership of a particular church tradition. Baptism has been called a sacrament and an ordinance of Jesus Christ.

In some traditions, baptism is also called christening,[4][5] but for others the word "christening" is reserved for the baptism of infants.[6]

The New Testament reports that Jesus himself was baptized.[7] The usual form of baptism among the earliest Christians was for the candidate to be immersed totally (submersion) or partially (standing or kneeling in water while water was poured on him or her).[8][9][10][11][12][13][14] While John the Baptist's use of a deep river for his baptism suggests immersion,[15] pictorial and archaeological evidence of Christian baptism from the 3rd century onward indicates that the normal form was to have the candidate stand in water while water was poured over the upper body.[16][17][18][19] Other common forms of baptism now in use include pouring water three times on the forehead.

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