Baritone horn

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Wind Brass

The baritone horn, or simply baritone, is a member of the brass instrument family.[2] The baritone horn has a predominately cylindrical bore as do the trumpet and trombone.[3] A baritone horn uses a large mouthpiece much like those of a trombone or euphonium. It is pitched in B, one octave below the B trumpet. In the UK the baritone is frequently found in brass bands. The baritone horn is also a common instrument in high school and college bands, as older baritones are often found in schools' inventories. However, these are gradually being replaced by intermediate-level euphoniums.

Contents

Construction and general characteristics

Key

The baritone is pitched in concert B, meaning that when no valves are in use the instrument will produce partials of the B harmonic series. Music for the baritone horn can be written in either the bass clef or the treble clef. When reading from the bass clef, the baritone horn is a non-transposing instrument. However, when written in the treble clef it is often used as transposing instrument, transposing downwards a major ninth, so that written middle C for the baritone is concert B below low C, with the fingerings thus matching those of the trumpet but sounding an octave lower.

The baritone is part of the low brass section of the band.

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