Barton Hills, Michigan

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Barton Hills is an upscale village in Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the village population was 335. Barton Hills has one of the highest per capita incomes in the United States. The village is located just northhwest of Ann Arbor.

Contents

History

Located within Ann Arbor Charter Township and adjacent to the city of Ann Arbor, the community was originally named "Huron Farms" and was established by the Detroit Edison Company in 1913. The company acquired land on both sides of the Huron River and built a series of dams for electric power production. Land owned by the company was also used for agricultural purposes, including farms, dairy cattle, and fruit orchards. The area where the village is currently located was too hilly for farming and was instead promoted by company executive as an exclusive residential community for company executives. Membership in the Barton Hills Country Club was considered by many to be a mark of distinction. As homes were constructed in the 1920s, restrictions attached to each deed stipulated that the homes must be designed by a registered architect.

By the 1940s, through the economic and social turmoil of the Great Depression and World War II, the community had become an economic liability for a public utility. The company shareholders decided to make an outright gift of its holding to the residents of the community in exchange for assuming responsibility for maintaining the water system, roads, and other municipal services.

However, the community did not seek municipal status until some thirty years later. On December 12, 1973, the community became the first home rule village in Washtenaw County.

Barton Hills has the highest per capita income of any other location in Michigan, although it is not commonly used for reference because the village has fewer than 1,000 households.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²), all land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 335 people, 136 households, and 112 families residing in the village. The population density was 418.2 per square mile (161.7/km²). There were 141 housing units at an average density of 176.0/sq mi (68.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 88.96% White, 1.49% African American, 5.07% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 3.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.

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