Battle of New Orleans

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Overall:
55 killed
185 wounded
93 missing
Grand Total: 333[5]

The Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815 and was the final major battle of the War of 1812.[7][8] American forces, commanded by Major General Andrew Jackson, defeated an invading British Army intent on seizing New Orleans and the vast territory the United States had acquired with the Louisiana Purchase.[9][10][11] The Treaty of Ghent had been signed on December 24, 1814, but news of the peace would not reach the combatants until February.[12][13] The battle is widely regarded as the greatest American land victory of the war.

Contents

Battle of Lake Borgne

By December 12, 1814, a large British fleet under the command of Sir Alexander Cochrane with more than 10,000 soldiers and sailors aboard, had anchored in the Gulf of Mexico to the east of Lake Pontchartrain and Lake Borgne.[14] Preventing access to the lakes was an American flotilla, commanded by Lieutenant Thomas ap Catesby Jones, consisting of five gunboats. On December 14, around 1,200 British sailors and Royal Marines under Captain Nicholas Lockyer[15] set out to attack Catesby's force. Lockyer's men sailed in 42 longboats, each armed with a small carronade. Lockyer captured Catesby's vessels in a brief engagement known as the Battle of Lake Borgne. 17 British sailors were killed and 77 wounded,[16] while the Americans lost 6 killed, 35 wounded and 86 captured.[16] The wounded included both Catesby and Lockyer. Now free to navigate Lake Borgne, thousands of British soldiers, under the command of General John Keane, were rowed to Pea Island, about 30 miles (48 km) east of New Orleans, where they established a garrison.[17]

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