Battle of the Planets

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Battle of the Planets (1978) is an American animated television adaptation of the Japanese anime series Science Ninja Team Gatchaman (1972).[2] Of the 105 original Gatchaman episodes, 85 were used in the Battle of the Planets adaptation, produced by Sandy Frank Entertainment. The adaptation is generally faithful to the plot and character development of the original Gatchaman series, but significant additions and reductions were made in order to increase appeal to the North American juvenile television market of the late 1970s, as well as avoid controversy from parents; most notable was the removal of elements of graphic violence, profanity and transgenderism.[3]

As of February 2007, Sandy Frank's 30-year license to Battle of the Planets is expired.[citation needed]

A CGI film based on the franchise, Gatchaman, is slated for a 2011 release from Warner Bros.



Battle of the Planets casts five young people as G-Force, consisting of Mark, Jason, Princess, Keyop, and Tiny. The question has been raised whether or not the characters were cyborgs due to their "cerebonic" enhancements which granted them superhuman agility and demonstrations of power such as their tornado-like, spinning force "Whirlwind Pyramid" form.

G-Force protects Earth from planet Spectra and other attacks from beyond space. The most prominent field commander of the Spectra forces was a villainous, masked individual known only as Zoltar. Zoltar would receive his orders directly from a being he would refer only to as "Luminous One". The Luminous One would appear only as a ghost-like, disembodied, floating head. Who, or what this being actually was, is never explained in any detail throughout the series. Some have offered suggestions that it could have been some sort of an alien life form due to the Spectra organization being cast as "alien" invaders from another planet. Another suggestion was that it was an advanced Artificial Intelligence that either took over command of Spectra, was given command of Spectra, or who may have even created Spectra due to its superior intellect, organizational skills and strategic abilities. However, as of this writing, no clear explanation or back story has been provided on the creature.

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