Books of Kings

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The Books of Kings (Hebrew: Sepher M'lakhim, ספר מלכים‎) are books included in the Hebrew Bible. They were originally written in Hebrew and are recognised as scripture by Judaism and Christianity. According to Biblical chronology, the events in the Books of Kings occurred between the 10th and 6th centuries BC.

The books contain accounts of King Solomon (united monarchy) and the kings of the ancient Kingdom of Israel (northern kingdom) and the Kingdom of Judah (southern kingdom) from the accession of Solomon until the subjugation of the kingdom by Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians (apparently a period of about three hundred and seventy-five years); the last verses of 2 Kings refer to an event twenty-seven years later, around 560 BCE. The Books of Kings synchronize with 1 Chronicles 28 – 2 Chronicles 36:21. While in the Chronicles greater prominence is given to the priestly or Levitical office, in the Kings greater prominence is given to the royal and prophetic offices. Kings appears to have been written considerably earlier than Chronicles and as such is generally considered a more reliable historical source.[citation needed]

Kings concludes a series of historical books, beginning with Joshua, known as the Former Prophets.[1] According to the documentary hypothesis, these works derive from the D source, compiled by the deuteronomist writers, who edited Kings during and after the Babylonian captivity.[1]

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