Boris Godunov (opera)

related topics
{album, band, music}
{son, year, death}
{god, call, give}
{film, series, show}
{church, century, christian}
{war, force, army}
{theory, work, human}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{black, white, people}
{law, state, case}
{specie, animal, plant}
{work, book, publish}
{day, year, event}
{build, building, house}

Boris Godunov (Russian: Борис Годунов, original orthography Борисъ Годуновъ, Borís Godunóv) is an opera by Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881). The work was composed between 1868 and 1873 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It is Mussorgsky's only completed opera and is considered his masterpiece.[1][2] Its subject is the historical Russian ruler Boris Godunov, who reigned as Tsar during the early phase of the Russian political upheaval that occurred between 1598 and 1613. The libretto was written by the composer, and is based on the "dramatic chronicle" Boris Godunov by Aleksandr Pushkin, and, in the Revised Version of 1872, on Nikolay Karamzin's History of the Russian State.

Boris Godunov, among major operas, shares with Giuseppe Verdi's Don Carlos (1867) the distinction of having the most complex creative history and the greatest wealth of alternative material.[3] The composer created two versions—the Original Version of 1869, which was rejected for production by the Imperial Theatres, and the Revised Version of 1872, which received its first performance in 1874 in Saint Petersburg. These versions constitute two distinct ideological conceptions, not two variations of a single plan.[4][5]

Boris Godunov has seldom been performed in either of the two forms left by the composer,[6] frequently being subjected to cuts, recomposition, re-orchestration, conflation of the original and revised versions, or translation into another language.

Several composers, chief among them Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Dmitri Shostakovich, have created new editions of the opera to "correct" perceived technical weaknesses in the composer's original scores. Although these versions held the stage for decades, Mussorgsky's individual harmonic style and orchestration are now valued for their originality, and revisions by other hands have fallen out of fashion.

Boris Godunov comes closer to the status of a repertory piece than any other Russian opera, even Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin,[7] and is the most recorded Russian opera.[8]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Thomas Beecham
Anton Rubinstein
Tristan und Isolde
Nick Drake
Richard Wagner
Robert Johnson (musician)
Woody Guthrie
Maria Callas
W. C. Handy
Franz Schubert
Leonard Cohen
Glenn Gould
Sergei Rachmaninoff
Highway 61 Revisited
John Denver
Sinéad O'Connor
Olivia Newton-John
Sviatoslav Richter
Charles Ives
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
Aretha Franklin
Jimmy Webb
Gustav Mahler
Olivier Messiaen
Ace Frehley
Raymond Scott
Art Tatum
John Entwistle
Ella Fitzgerald
Jerry Garcia