Boulevard Périphérique

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Boulevard Périphérique (French pronunciation: [bulvaʁ peʁifeʁik]) is a controlled-access dual-carriageway ring road in Paris, France. One of the busiest highways in Europe, the Périphérique is the generally-accepted boundary between the city proper of Paris and its suburbs. Save for a few exceptions (see Structure and Layout), it is situated along Paris's administrative limit.

The speed limit is 80 km/h (50 mph). Each ring, or loop, generally provides four traffic lanes, and does not feature a hard shoulder. Due to the road's legal status, circulating traffic yields priority to entering vehicles.

When traveling at the legal speed limit, it takes around 26 minutes to complete a full circuit.

Contents

History

Construction of the Périphérique was begun in 1958 on the former site of the Thiers Wall (the last remaining of the City walls of Paris). Destruction of this obsolete structure in the 1920s left a clear ring of vacant land surrounding Paris, which at first was claimed by slums and squatters. In order to alleviate traffic congestion, the Boulevard was planned along this abandoned land, and completed on 25 April 1973 under the presidency of Georges Pompidou. Providing a route for a quarter of all Parisian traffic movements, it quickly became the busiest road in France. However it became a victim of its own success with widespread congestion, while the dense urban area surrounding it prevents its expansion.

Noise reducing covers for the Périphérique are included in the 2000-2006 State-region Plan for three sections: Porte des Lilas, Porte de Vanves and the section from Porte des Ternes to Porte de Champerret. To date, the covers of Porte des Lilas and Porte de Vanves are complete but construction for Porte de Champerret has not yet begun.

Périphérique intérieur vs. extérieur

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