Brazzaville

related topics
{city, large, area}
{land, century, early}
{country, population, people}
{war, force, army}
{utc_offset, utc_offset_dst, timezone}
{area, part, region}
{village, small, smallsup}
{rate, high, increase}
{car, race, vehicle}
{mi², represent, 1st}

Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. As of the 2001 census, it has a population of 1,018,541 in the city proper, and about 1.5 million in total when including the suburbs located in the Pool Region.[1] The populous city of Kinshasa (more than 10 million inhabitants in 2009),[2] capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, lies just across the Congo River from Brazzaville. Together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has thus nearly 12 million inhabitants. Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital, and it is home to 40% of non-agricultural employment. It is also a financial and administrative capital.

Contents

Geography

In order to distinguish between the two African countries with "Congo" in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, as opposed to Congo-Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known from 1971 to 1997 as Zaire, the capital of which is Kinshasa). Kinshasa lies on the southern bank of the Congo, across from Brazzaville. This is the only place in the world where two national capital cities are situated on opposite banks of a river, within sight of each other.

While Kinshasa lies to the south, Brazzaville lies to the north of the Congo River. The city is 506 km (314 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean and south of the equator. The city is a commune that is separated from the other regions of the republic; it is surrounded by the Pool Region. Around the city is a large savanna. The town is relatively flat, and situated at an altitude of 317 metres (1,040 ft).

History

The city was founded on 10 September 1880 on the site of a Bateke village named Nkuna by a Franco-Italian explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, after whom the city was named. The local leader, Makoko of the Téké signed a treaty of protection with de Brazza which subjugated his lands to the French Empire. The city was built four years later in order to become a competitor with Léopoldville (now Kinshasa) which was built by the Belgians on the other side of the river. The site was occupied from October 1880 until May 1882 by a small squad of troops led by Senegalese Sergeant Malamine Camara, who prevented the land from falling into Belgian hands.

Full article ▸

related documents
Weimar
Khabarovsk
Assen
Sudbury, Suffolk
České Budějovice
Calais
Wuppertal
Doesburg
Thornhill, Cardiff
Middelburg
West End of London
Apia
Cherbourg-Octeville
Castle Douglas
Transportation in Argentina
Deux-Sèvres
Burgas
Teruel
Alkmaar
Sosnowiec
Concepción, Chile
Frederikshavn
Yaoundé
Rzeszów
Ilkley
Esbjerg
Subterranean London
London Borough of Hounslow
Wallington, London
London Borough of Southwark