Bushnell, Illinois

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Bushnell is a city in McDonough County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,221 at the 2000 census.



Bushnell is located at 40°33′6″N 90°30′29″W / 40.55167°N 90.50806°W / 40.55167; -90.50806 (40.551667, -90.507921).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.3 km²), of which, 2.0 square miles (5.3 km²) of it is land and 0.49% is water.

The town was founded in 1854 when the Northern Cross Railroad built a line through the area. Nehemiah Bushnell was the President of the Railroad, and townspeople honored him by naming their community after him. The railroad later became part of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, which continues to operate through Bushnell under the name Burlington Northern Santa Fe. Bushnell was also served by the Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway, now the Keokuk Junction Railway.

The Nagel Brothers of Bushnell were the first to invent a process of making rolled oats without having to steam the oats. Up until this time, the oats were first steamed to separate the groat from the hull. The patent for this new process was later sold to the Quaker Company.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,221 people, 1,323 households, and 889 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,573.9 people per square mile (606.7/km²). There were 1,446 housing units at an average density of 706.6/sq mi (272.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.79% White, 0.12% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.

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