Calais, Vermont

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Calais (/ˈkælɪs/) is a town in Washington County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,529 at the 2000 census. Calais is pronounced similarly to palace, not chalet.[3] Calais contains the unincorporated communities of Adamant, East Calais, North Calais, Kent's Corner, Maple Corner and Pekin.

Contents

History

Colonel Jacob Davis named Calais after the French port city of the same name, during a time of general enthusiasm for things French as a result of France's aid during the American Revolution.[4]

The Wheelocks and Parkers were the first families to settle the town, in the latter part of the 18th century. In the early and mid 19th century, the Vermont wool industry spawned sheep pastures in the town. Photographs of the time show a heavily de-forested Calais. Like many small Vermont towns, Calais was devastated by the Civil War. Volunteers from Calais flocked to the Union cause, most serving in the Army's volunteer regiments. In the post-Civil War era, agriculture turned from sheep to dairy and new families came to fill farms that were sold by the families and widows of Civil War Veterans.[citation needed]

Until the 1960s and 1970s, the town was a Republican stronghold, as was much of Vermont, but has voted Democratic in the past several decades.[citation needed]

Historical landmarks

  • Kents Corner[5]
  • Old West Church[6]
  • Maple Corner [7]
  • Robinson Saw Mill
  • Adamant Co-op[8]

Village history

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