Camp Springs, Maryland

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Camp Springs is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.[1] The population was 17,968 at the 2000 census. Camp Springs is not an official post office designation, but rather the area is divided between the surrounding mailing addresses Temple Hills, MD, Fort Washington, MD, Clinton, MD, and Suitland, MD. Area residents attend Crossland High School. Andrews Air Force Base, home of the Air Force Systems Command and the President's airplane "Air Force One", is adjacent to Camp Springs and the Base in particular, along with Federal jobs in Washington, D.C., were major reasons for the community's original development. The Capital Beltway passes through the area, and Washington's Metrorail subway "Branch Avenue" station, terminus of the "Green Line" is located nearby. The Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission operates a year-round indoor and outdoor public swimming pool on Allentown Road. The Camp Springs Senior Activity Center[2] is housed in the former Camp Springs Elementary School.

Contents

History

The community of Camp Springs was settled in the mid-19th century at the crossroads of present-day Branch Avenue and Allentown Road. By 1860, the settlement contained several stores, a blacksmith shop, a school, Methodist Church, and several residences. Early maps record the name of this settlement Allentown, after the Allen family. The Allens were large landholders in the area, therefore, the town, adjacent road, and Allenwood Elementary School were named in recognition of them. The town’s popular name, and subsequently the name of its post office, was Camp Springs. According to local history, the community was called Camp Springs since soldiers en route to Fort Meade from the District of Columbia found the area to be a comfortable place to camp due to the abundant springs. Throughout the late- 19th and early 20th centuries, the Camp Springs area did not experience significant growth. However, the opening of Andrews Air Force Base on an adjacent tract of land, the proximity of the area to the District of Columbia, and a housing shortage after World War II made the Camp Springs area an ideal location for residential development.[3][4]

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