Canaan

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Canaan (Northwest Semitic kn士n (Phoenician 饜饜饜饜, Biblical Hebrew: 讻谞注谉 kn士n); Masoretic 讻职旨谞指注址谉 K蓹n谩士an) is a historical name of the Levant, roughly corresponding to the region encompassing modern-day Israel/Palestinia, Lebanon, and the western parts of Syria and Lebanon.

Canaan was of geopolitical importance in the Late Bronze Age Amarna period because it was the area where the spheres of interest of the Egyptian and Hittite empires converge. Historical mention of Canaan is attested throughout the 2nd millennium BC; the Amarna Letters use Kina岣斧u, while sources of the Egyptian New Kingdom mention numerous military campaigns conducted in Ka-na-na.[citation needed] In modern use, the name is mostly associated with the Hebrew Bible, where the "Land of Canaan" extends from Lebanon southward to the "Brook of Egypt" and eastward to the Jordan River Valley.

Much of the modern knowledge about the Canaanites stems from excavation in this area. Canaanite culture apparently developed in situ from the Circum-Arabian Nomadic Pastoral Complex, which in turn developed from a fusion of Harifian hunter gatherers with Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) farming cultures, practicing animal domestication, during the 6,200 BC climatic crisis.[1]

Linguistically, the Canaanite languages form a group within the Northwest Semitic languages; its best-known member is the Hebrew language, the being mostly known from Iron Age epigraphy. The various Canaanite nations of the Bronze to Iron Age are mentioned in the Bible, Mesopotamian and Ancient Egyptian texts.

The Late Bronze Age state of Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra in Syria) is considered quintessentially Canaanite archaeologically,[2] even though its Ugaritic language does not belong to the Canaanite group proper.

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