Caneadea, New York

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Caneadea is a town in Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 2,694 at the 2000 census. The name is from the natives and means "where the heavens rest on earth."

The Town of Caneadea is in the northwest quadrant of the county.



The region was first settled around 1800. The Town of Caneadea was founded in 1808 from part of the Town of Angelica. However, the town was reduced to form other towns of the county: Friendship (1815), Rushford (1916), and Belfast (1824 and 1831). The Caneadea Reservation of the Seneca tribe was once located in the town, but they sold off their claims in 1825.

The former Genesee Valley Canal once passed through the town.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94.1 km²), of which, 35.5 square miles (92.0 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²) of it (2.23%) is water.

The Genesee River, an important and historic Western New York river, flows through the town. Rushford Lake is partly at the town's west line, and Caneadea Creek is an important stream in the town.

New York State Route 19 passes through the town (north-south) and intersects New York State Route 243 north of Canaeadea village.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,694 people, 650 households, and 436 families residing in the town. The population density was 75.8 people per square mile (29.3/km²). There were 1,098 housing units at an average density of 30.9/sq mi (11.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.33% White, 1.00% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.

There were 650 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20.

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