Capital punishment

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The use of the death penalty is becoming increasingly restrained in retentionist countries.[citation needed] Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea and the U.S. are the only developed countries that have retained the death penalty. The death penalty was overwhelmingly practiced in poor and authoritarian states, which often employed the death penalty as a tool of political oppression. During the 1980s, the democratisation of Latin America swelled the rank of abolitionist countries. This was soon followed by the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe, which then aspired to enter the EU. In these countries, the public support for the death penalty varies but it is decreasing.[51] The European Union and the Council of Europe both strictly require member states not to practice the death penalty (see Capital punishment in Europe). On the other hand, rapid industrialisation in Asia has been increasing the number of developed retentionist countries. In these countries, the death penalty enjoys strong public support, and the matter receives little attention from the government or the media. This trend has been followed by some African and Middle Eastern countries where support for the death penalty is high.

Some countries have resumed practicing the death penalty after having suspended executions for long periods. The United States suspended executions in 1967 but resumed them in 1977, then again on 25 September 2007 to 16 April 2008; there was no execution in India between 1995 and 2004; and Sri Lanka declared an end to its moratorium on the death penalty on 20 Nov. 2004,[52] although it has not yet performed any executions. The Philippines re-introduced the death penalty in 1993 after abolishing it in 1987, but abolished it again in 2006.

Execution for drug-related offences

Some countries that retain the death penalty for murder and other violent crimes do not execute offenders for drug-related crimes. The following is a list of countries that currently have statutory provisions for the death penalty for drug-related offences.

Afghanistan Afghanistan
Bangladesh Bangladesh
Brunei Brunei
People's Republic of China People's Republic of China[53]
Republic of China Republic of China[54] Also available on Chinese Wikisource.
Egypt Egypt
Indonesia Indonesia
Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Kuwait Kuwait
Laos Laos
Malaysia Malaysia
Oman Oman
Pakistan Pakistan
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Singapore Singapore
Thailand Thailand
Vietnam Vietnam
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates

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