Carbon sink

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A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period. The process by which carbon sinks remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere is known as carbon sequestration. Public awareness of the significance of CO2 sinks has grown since passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which promotes their use as a form of carbon offset.

The main natural sinks are:

Natural sinks are typically much larger than artificial sinks. The main artificial sinks are:

Carbon sources include:

  • Fossil fuels
  • Farmland; there are proposals for improvements in farming practices to reverse this.

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