Carthage, Maine

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Carthage is a town in Franklin County, Maine, United States. The population was 520 at the 2000 census.



First known as Plantation No. 4, Abbott's Purchase, it was part of a large tract of land bought in 1815 by Jacob Abbott of Wilton, New Hampshire from Jonathan Phillips of Boston, who had purchased an even larger tract from the state of Massachusetts about 1790. Plantation No. 4 was noted for extensive forests of pine and valuable formations of limestone. In 1804, William Bowley and his family from Bristol, New Hampshire settled in Plantation No. 4, and with his brother Oliver and father Gideon, built the first sawmill at what was called Bowley's Mills on the Webb River at the foot of Webb Lake. They built a gristmill the following year.

The town was incorporated on February 20, 1826 and named after Carthage, the ancient Mediterranean city in what is today Tunisia in North Africa. In 1849, land was set off to form a new Plantation No. 4. By 1880, when the population was 507, Carthage had farms, 2 sawmills, a gristmill and a limestone quarry.

Notable people


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.3 square miles (86.2 km²), of which, 33.2 square miles (85.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.36%) is water. Carthage is drained by the Webb River, which meanders south from Webb Lake to join the Androscoggin River. The town is situated in a valley between ranges of foothills and mountains.

The town is crossed by State Route 142. It borders the towns of Weld to the north, Perkins Plantation, Plantation No. 4, Wilton and Temple to the east, and Mexico and Dixfield to the south in Oxford County.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 520 people, 198 households, and 144 families residing in the town. The population density was 15.7 people per square mile (6.1/km²). There were 291 housing units at an average density of 8.8/sq mi (3.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.31% White, 0.38% African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

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