Chesterfield, New York

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Chesterfield is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 2,409 at the 2000 census. The name possibly is from a location in New England.

The Town of Chesterfield is in the northeastern part of the county and is 13 miles (20 km) west of Burlington, VT, 16 miles (25 km) south of Plattburgh, 73 miles (117 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 126 miles (203 km) north of Albany, NY.[1]

Much of the town is inside the Adirondack Park.



The town was inhabited by various Algonquin groups before the incursion of settlers.

The town was formed in 1802 from part of the Town of Willsboro. The early settlers were from the New England area.

An ice storm in 1998 damaged the town and the surrounding area.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 105.2 square miles (272.6 km²), of which, 78.8 square miles (204.2 km²) of it is land and 26.4 square miles (68.4 km²) of it (25.09%) is water.

The north town line is the border of Clinton County, and the eastern town line is marked by Lake Champlain and Vermont.

The Ausable River forms the north town line.

Interstate 87, the Northway, is a major divided highway running north-south through Chesterfield. US Route 9 and New York State Route 22 are north-south highways adjacent to the Interstate.

Ferry service is seasonally available between Port Kent and Burlington, Vermont.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,409 people, 948 households, and 678 families residing in the town. The population density was 30.6 people per square mile (11.8/km²). There were 1,374 housing units at an average density of 17.4/sq mi (6.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.76% White, 0.25% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

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