Chillum, Maryland

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Chillum is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 34,252 at the 2000 census. The Chillum CDP includes the communities of Avondale, Carole Highlands, Green Meadows, and Lewisdale.[1]



Chillum is located at 38°58′6″N 76°58′45″W / 38.96833°N 76.97917°W / 38.96833; -76.97917 (38.968210, -76.979046)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.5 km²), of which, 4.0 square miles (10.4 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.50%) is water.


Chillum takes its name from "Chillum Castle Manor," the 4,443-acre (17.98 km2) land patent established in 1763, by William Dudley Digges.[3] It included lands in present day District of Columbia and in Prince George's County, and was composed of previously established land patents such as Henrietta Maria, Widows Purchase, and Yarrow Farm and Yarrow Swamp.[4] Chillum Castle Manor was named after Chilham Castle, the old home of Sir Dudley Digges and ancestor of William Dudley Digges, in Kent County, England.[5]

The manor house for the Henrietta Maria parcel was named Green Hill. It was home to William Dudley Digges, and was the place where Pierre L'Enfant, designer of nearby Washington, D.C., died in destitution in 1825.[5] He remained buried at the Green Hill property until being reinterred at Arlington National Cemetery in 1909.[6] The Green Hill plantation was subsequently purchased by George Washington Riggs, who built the present Green Hill historic home in 1868.[6]

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