Chiron

related topics
{god, call, give}
{son, year, death}
{black, white, people}
{food, make, wine}
{@card@, make, design}
{school, student, university}

In Greek mythology, Chiron (also Cheiron or Kheiron) (Greek: Χείρων; "hand"[1]) was held to be the superlative centaur among his brethren. Like the satyrs, centaurs were notorious for being wild and lusty, overly indulgent drinkers and carousers, given to violence when intoxicated, and generally uncultured delinquents. Chiron, by contrast, was intelligent, civilized and kind.[2] He was known for his knowledge and skill with medicine. According to an archaic myth[3] he was sired by Cronus when he had taken the form of a horse[4] and impregnated the nymph Philyra,[5] Chiron's lineage was different from other centaurs, who were born of sun and raincloud, rendered by Greeks of the Classic period as from the union of the king Ixion, consigned to a fiery wheel, and Nephele ("cloud"), which in the Olympian telling Zeus invented to look like Hera. Myths in the Olympian tradition attributed Chiron's uniquely peaceful character and intelligence to teaching by Apollo and Artemis in his younger days.

Chiron's haunts were on Mount Pelion; there he married the nymph Chariclo who bore him three daughters, Hippe (with a daughter Melanippe, the "Black Mare" or Euippe, "truly a mare"), Endeis, and Ocyrhoe, and one son Carystus.

A great healer, astrologer, and respected oracle, Chiron was said to be the first among centaurs and highly revered as a teacher and tutor. Among his pupils were many culture heroes: Asclepius, Aristaeus, Ajax, Aeneas, Actaeon, Caeneus, Theseus, Achilles, Jason, Peleus, Telamon, sometimes Heracles, Oileus, Phoenix, and in one Byzantine tradition, even Dionysus: according to Ptolemaeus Chennus of Alexandria, "Dionysius was loved by Chiron, from whom he learned chants and dances, the bacchic rites and initiations."[6]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Charun
Tartarus
Eileithyia
Caduceus
Yama
Danaus
Fenrir
Book of Judges
Book of Habakkuk
Aaron's rod
Keres (Greek mythology)
Valaquenta
Ymir
The Empress (Tarot card)
Víðarr
Hippolyta
Diana (mythology)
Manannán mac Lir
Book of Ezekiel
Ullr
Benjamin
Tantalus
Sisyphus
Huitzilopochtli
Þjazi
Lonely Mountain
Kami
Radha
Navajo mythology
Eris (mythology)