Chojnice

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Chojnice [xɔjˈnit​͡sɛ] ( listen) (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Chònice, German: Konitz) is a town in northern Poland with 39 670 inhabitants (2004), near famous Tuchola Forest, Lake Charzykowskie and many other water reservoirs. It is the capital of the Chojnice County.

Chojnice is situated in the Pomeranian Voivodeship (since 1999 and before 1975). It was in Bydgoszcz Voivodeship from 1975 to 1998.

In the German language, it has traditionally been known as Conitz or Konitz. This name may be falling into disuse over time, though it can still be found in current use in Germany in some cases.

Contents

History and Timeline

Part of Eastern Pomerania, Teutonic Order, Royal Prussia, later Prussian Province of West Prussia. The center of the Kashub movement.

Duchy of Pomerelia or Eastern Pomerania (POLISH: Pommerellen)

A Najstarsza pośrednia informacja o Chojnicach zawarta jest w dokumencie wystawionym przez Mestwina II w 1275 roku augustianom z pobliskiej wsi Swornegacie. W testacji wymieniony został Mislibous Malowy de Choyniz[6], uważany za pierwszego znanego z imienia mieszkańca miasta. Już wcześniej istniał tu gród, o wybitnie obronnym położeniu na przesmyku między nieistniejącymi już jeziorami Jeleńcz i Zielonym. W roku 1309 miasto znalazło się pod władzą Krzyżaków, którzy w ciągu pierwszej połowy XIV wieku umocnili Chojnice, powiększyli obszar należący do miasta i wydali ostatecznie w roku 1360 nowy dokument lokacyjny. Teutonic Order 1309 - 1466

Chojnice indirect information is contained in a document issued by Mestwina II in 1275 Augustinians of the nearby village of Swornegacie. As was mentioned testacji Mislibous Malowy de Choyniz [6], considered the first known inhabitant of the city name. Already existed a castle, a very defensive position on the isthmus between lakes Jeleńcz already densities and Green. In 1309 the town was under the rule of the Teutonic Knights, who during the first half of the fourteenth century fortified Chojnice, expanded the area belonging to the city and eventually released in the year 1360 a new foundation document.

Teutonic Order 1309 - 1466


1309 – German Teutonic Order rule: Eastern Pomerania (often known as Pomerelia), became much absorbed into the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights 1340 - 1360 church Hl. Johannes Täufer; 14th century walls and 22 towers being erected by the Teutonic Order 1410 – Polish army occupies the town but has to return it to the Order according to the Treaty of Thorn 1417-1436 Konitz becomes an important centre for textile production 18.09.1454 – Polish army of King Kazimierz Jagiellończyk loses the Battle of Konitz 28.09.1466 – Teutonic Order has to surrender Konitz to the Polish army, after three month siege

Poland 1466 - 1772 (province of Royal Prussia)

19.10.1466 Konitz being annexed by Poland according to the 2nd Treaty of Thorn 1555 – city council accepts reformation officially, the Protestants take over the church, the Roman Catholic priest Jan Siński dies in the following turmoil 1620 – the Jesuits fight the reformation movement 10.04.1627 - town burns 18.12.1657 - town burns 1655 - 1660 war against Sweden, see Battle of Chojnice (1656) 1700 - 1721 war 15.04.1742 - town burns third time

Prussia 1772 - 1871

12.09.1772 – Konitz becomes Prussian / First partition of Poland 1864 - telegraph to Stettin

German Empire 1871- 1920 (Province of West Prussia)

15.11.1871 – railway to Schneidemühl (Piła) 1870 – Gas power plant 1873 - railway to Dirschau (Tczew) 1877 – railway to Stettin 1886 – hospital 1894 – railway to Nakel (Nakło) 1900 – water supply system and electricity power plant 1902 – railway to Berent (Kościerzyna) 1900-1902 Konitz ritual murder case & antisemitic pogrom 1909 – used water system 1912 – ,,Gazeta Chojnicka" first Polish language newspaper in town

Poland 1920-1939

31.01.1920 – Polish troops enter the town according to the Treaty of Versailles, town being renamed Chojnice 06.08.1932 – regional museum Chojnice

Third Reich 1939 - 1945 (Reichsgau Westpreußen)

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