Christology

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Christology (from Christ and Greek -λογία, -logia) is the field of study within Christian theology which is primarily concerned with the nature and person of Jesus Christ.[2] Primary considerations include the relationship of Jesus' nature and person with the nature and person of God. As such, Christology is concerned with the details of Jesus' life (what he did) and his teachings (what he said) in order to arrive at a clearer understanding of who he is in his person, and his role in salvation.[3]

A major component of the Christology of the Apostolic Age was that of Saint Paul whose central themes were the notion of pre-existence of Christ and the worship of Christ as Kyrios (the Lord).[4] Following the Apostolic Age, a number of issues in Christology were debated, and due to seemingly minor, but politically charged differences in the 5th century schisms among denominations developed.

In the 13th century Saint Thomas Aquinas provided the first systematic Christology that consistently resolved a number of the existing issues. In his Christology from above, Aquinas also championed the principle of perfection of Christ's human attributes.[5][6][7] The Middle Ages also witnessed the emergence of the "tender image of Jesus" as a friend and a living source of love and comfort, rather than just the Kyrios image.[8]

According to theologian Karl Rahner, the purpose of modern Christology is to formulate the Christian belief that "God became man and that God-made-man is the individual Jesus Christ" in a manner that this statement can be understood consistently, without the confusions of past debates and mythologies.[9]

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