Cinnamon

related topics
{food, make, wine}
{disease, patient, cell}
{specie, animal, plant}
{land, century, early}
{country, population, people}
{acid, form, water}
{language, word, form}
{company, market, business}
{island, water, area}
{god, call, give}
{game, team, player}
{system, computer, user}

Cinnamon (pronounced /ˈsɪnəmən/ SIN-ə-mən or /ˈsɪnəmʌn/ SIN-ə-mun) is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that can be used in both sweet and savoury foods. Cinnamon trees are native to South East Asia, and its origin was mysterious in Europe until the sixteenth century.

Contents

Nomenclature and taxonomy

The name cinnamon comes from Phoenician and Hebrew through the Greek kinnámōmon. In Malayalam, it is called Karuva. In Tamil, it is called பட்டை Pattai.

In many other, particularly European, languages it has a name akin to French cannelle, diminutive of canne (reed, cane) from its tube-like shape.

In Persian, it is called darchin (دارچین) (literary meaning taken/picked from tree). In Turkish, it is called "Tarçın". In Telugu, it is called Dalchini chekka (దాల్చిన చెక్క). In Kannada, it is called Chakke.

In Indonesia, where it is cultivated in Java and Sumatra, it is called kayu manis ("sweet wood") and sometimes cassia vera, the "real" cassia.[1] In Sri Lanka, in the original Sinhala, cinnamon is known as kurundu (කුරුඳු),[2] recorded in English in the 17th century as Korunda.[3] In Arabic it is called qerfa (قرفة).

History

Cinnamon has been known from remote antiquity. The Old Testament makes specific mention of the spice many times: first when Moses is commanded to use both sweet cinnamon (Hebrew קִנָּמוֹן, qinnāmôn) and cassia in the holy anointing oil;[4] in Proverbs where the lover's bed is perfumed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon;[5] and in Song of Solomon, a song describing the beauty of his beloved, cinnamon scents her garments like the smell of Lebanon.[6] It was so highly prized among ancient nations that it was regarded as a gift fit for monarchs and even for a god: a fine inscription records the gift of cinnamon and cassia to the temple of Apollo at Miletus.[7] Though its source was kept mysterious in the Mediterranean world for centuries by the middlemen who handled the spice trade, to protect their monopoly as suppliers, cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka.[8] It was imported to Egypt as early as 2000 BC, but those who report that it had come from China confuse it with cassia.[9] It is also alluded to by Herodotus and other classical writers. It was too expensive to be commonly used on funeral pyres in Rome, but the Emperor Nero is said to have burned a year's worth of the city's supply at the funeral for his wife Poppaea Sabina in A.D. 65.[10]

Full article ▸

related documents
Mezcal
Stew
Cookie
Pastry
Miso
Thyme
Roasting
Rooibos
Candy
Lemon
Brunch
Marshmallow
Gruyère (cheese)
Tortilla
Meringue
Mince pie
Crop rotation
Root beer
Tiramisu
Kipper
Celery
Panettone
Soba
Old Fashioned
Shallot
Head cheese
Rutabaga
Cola
Pigeon pea
Cream