Clergy

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{group, member, jewish}
{law, state, case}
{woman, child, man}
{school, student, university}
{theory, work, human}
{god, call, give}
{land, century, early}
{government, party, election}

Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given religion. The term ultimately comes from the Greek "κλῆρος" - klēros, "a lot", "that which is assigned by lot" (allotment) or metaphorically, "inheritance".[1][2]

Depending on the religion, clergy usually take care of the ritual aspects of the religious life, teach or otherwise help in spreading the religion's doctrine and practices. They often deal with life-cycle events such as childbirth, baptism, circumcision, coming of age ceremonies and death.

A priesthood is a body of priests, shamans, or oracles who have special religious authority or function. The term priest is derived from the Greek presbyter (πρεσβύτερος, presbýteros, elder or senior), but is often used in the sense of sacerdos in particular, i.e., for clergy performing ritual within the sphere of the sacred or numinous (ta hiera) communicating with the gods on behalf of the community.

In Christianity there is a wide range of formal and informal clergy positions, including deacons, priests, bishops, and ministers. In Shiaa Islam, religious leaders are usually known as imams or ayatollahs.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Cathedral diagram
Madonna (art)
Monreale
Order of Friars Minor Capuchin
Burgos
Anglican Communion
First Council of Nicaea
Dissolution of the Monasteries
Westminster Abbey
Alessandro Algardi
Vic
Baalbek
Louvre
Glendalough
Synod of Whitby
Fresco
Merton College, Oxford
Pallium
Archbishop
Full communion
Avignon
Pope Sixtus IV
Nestorianism
Presbyterian polity
Celtic Christianity
Nicene Creed
Sedevacantism
Peterborough Cathedral
Saint Andrew
Religious order