Clitic

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In morphology and syntax, a clitic is a morpheme that is grammatically independent, but phonologically dependent on another word or phrase.[1] It is pronounced like an affix, but works at the phrase level.

Clitics may belong to any grammatical category, though they are commonly pronouns, determiners, or adpositions. Note that orthography is not a good guide for identifying clitics: clitics may be written as independent words, bound affixes, or separated by special characters (e.g., apostrophe).

Contents

Classification

There are a number of different clitics depending on their position in relation to the word that they are connected to.

Proclitic

A proclitic appears before its host.

Enclitic

An enclitic appears after its host.

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