Cluj-Napoca

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Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°35′E / 46.767°N 23.583°E / 46.767; 23.583

Cluj-Napoca (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkluʒ naˈpoka]  ( listen); German: Klausenburg; Hungarian: Kolozsvár, Hungarian pronunciation:[’koloʒvaːr]; Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; Dacian: Napoca or Napuca; Yiddish: קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania[4] and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country. Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest (441 km / 276 mi), Budapest (409 km / 256 mi) and Belgrade (465 km / 291 mi). Located in the Someşul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania. In 1790-1848 and 1861–1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania.

As of 2009, 306,009 inhabitants live within the city limits, marking a decrease from the figure recorded at the 2002 census.[5] The Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area has a population of 379,705 people,[6] while the population of the peri-urban area (Romanian: zona periurbană) exceeds 400,000 residents.[7] The new metropolitan government of Cluj-Napoca became operational in December 2008.[8] Lastly, according to the 2007 data provided by the County Population Register Service, the total population of the city is as high as 392,276 people.[9] However, this number does not include the floating population of students and other non-residents—an average of over 20,000 people each year during 2004-2007, according to the same source.[9]

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