Cola

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Cola (also written as Kola) is a beverage that was originally flavored by kola nut, and citric acids, but is now commonly flavored artificially.[1] It became a popular beverage worldwide after druggist John Pemberton invented Coca-Cola in 1886.[2] His non-alcoholic recipe was inspired by the Coca wine of pharmacist Angelo Mariani, created in 1863, but still contained small amounts of cocaine.[2] Coca-Cola has become the major international brand, leading to the drink often being seen as a symbol of the United States.

Modern colas very rarely contain any kola nut as the taste of this nut is strongly bitter. It usually contains caramel color, caffeine and a sweetener such as sugar or high fructose corn syrup.[1]

Contents

Flavorings

Despite the name, the primary flavoring ingredients in a cola drink are sugar, citrus oils (orange, lime, or lemon fruit peel), tamarind, cinnamon, vanilla, and an acidic flavorant.[3][4] Manufacturers of cola drinks add other trace ingredients to the drink in addition to these flavorings in order to create distinctively different tastes for each brand. Trace flavorings may include nutmeg, lavender, and a wide variety of ingredients, but the base flavorings that most people identify with a cola taste remain vanilla and cinnamon. Kola nuts, which have a bitter taste, although giving their name to the product contribute little or no flavor to most cola recipes, as they are rarely actually used as an ingredient. Acidity is often provided by phosphoric acid, sometimes accompanied by citric or other isolated acids.

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