Colditz Castle

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{war, force, army}
{city, large, area}
{film, series, show}
{son, year, death}
{black, white, people}
{area, part, region}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{ship, engine, design}
{disease, patient, cell}
{water, park, boat}
{game, team, player}
{village, small, smallsup}
{woman, child, man}
{town, population, incorporate}
{county, mile, population}

Coordinates: 51°7′50.82″N 12°48′26.94″E / 51.1307833°N 12.8074833°E / 51.1307833; 12.8074833

Colditz Castle is a castle in the town of Colditz near Leipzig, Dresden, and Chemnitz in the state of Saxony in Germany. Used as a workhouse for the indigent and a mental institution for over 100 years, it became notorious during World War II as Oflag IV-C, a prisoner-of-war camp for "incorrigible" Allied officers who had repeatedly escaped from other camps. Oflag is a portmanteau of the German words Offizier (officer) and Lager (camp).

Contents

The original castle

In 1046, Henry III of the Holy Roman Empire gave the burghers of Colditz permission to build the first documented settlement at the site. In 1083, Henry IV urged Markgraf Wiprecht of Groitzsch to develop the castle site, which Colditz accepted. In 1158, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa made Thimo I "Lord of Colditz", and major building works began. By 1200, the city around the market was established. Forests, empty meadows, and farmland were settled next to the pre-existing slavic villages Zschetzsch, Zschadraß, Zollwitz, Terpitzsch and Koltzschen. Around that time the larger villages Hohnbach, Thierbaum, Ebersbach and Tautenhain also emerged.

Full article ▸

related documents
Eleanor cross
Romsey Abbey
Llandaff Cathedral
Kirkstall Abbey
Salisbury Cathedral
Lincoln Memorial
Church of the Nativity
Mission Santa Barbara
Ekerö Municipality
Exeter Cathedral
Fountains Abbey
Conciergerie
Château d'Amboise
Montauban
Roman villa
Dunfermline Abbey
Vigevano
Reading Abbey
Roman Forum
Tivoli, Italy
Waltham Abbey (abbey)
Lismore Castle
Eastern Orthodox Church organization
Donatist
Laon
Abbey of St. Gall
Capua
First Council of Constantinople
Alnwick Castle
Pope John XXII