Coldspring, New York

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Coldspring is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. It is located in the southwest part of the county, west of the City of Salamanca.



The first settler arrived around 1818. The Town of Coldspring was established in 1837 from a part of the Town of Napoli. In 1847 and 1848, part of the town was added to the Town of South Valley.

In 1965, the former "Town of Elko" was dissolved, and its territory was absorbed by Coldspring. Elko had been formed in 1890 from part of the Town of South Valley and is now the south part of Coldspring. Elko had first been settled by Quakers, acting as missionaries to the local natives in 1798.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.0 square miles (134.7 km²), of which, 51.5 square miles (133.3 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.4 km²) of it (1.04%) is water.

The south town line is the boundary of Pennsylvania, and the Allegheny River divides the town with its reservoir.

New York State Route 394 and Interstate 86 pass through the town.

Adjacent towns and areas

To the north is the Town of Napoli. Coldspring shares its eastern border with the Towns of South Valley and Randolph. The east border is formed by the Towns of Salamanca and Red House. Warren County and McKean County in Pennsylvania are at the south town line.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 751 people, 278 households, and 205 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.6 people per square mile (5.6/km²). There were 371 housing units at an average density of 7.2/sq mi (2.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.27% African American, 1.60% Native American, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.

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