Coldwater, Mississippi

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Coldwater is a town in Tate County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 1,674 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Coldwater is located at 34°41′23″N 89°58′26″W / 34.68972°N 89.97389°W / 34.68972; -89.97389 (34.689854, -89.973790)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²).2.4 square miles (6.1 km²) of it is land and 0.42% water.

History

The town was founded in 1856 and incorporated in 1872. The corporate limits were one mile (1.6 km) square. In the 1930s the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began plans to build Arkabutla Dam, which when completed impounding Arkabutla Lake, would flood the Town of Coldwater.

In 1942, the U.S. Government moved the town and approximately 700 residents at a cost of $250,000 to its present location 1-mile (1.6 km) south of the original site. By coincidence, the present town site is the one selected in 1856, but the landowners at that time would not sell their valuable farmland. In 2000, Coldwater had approximately 1,674 residents and the corporate limits consisted of 3 square miles (7.8 km2).

As of May 2006, the waters of Arkabutla Lake had reached flood stage of elevation 238.3 feet (72.6 m) MSL on 8 occasions. The site of the old town of Coldwater is 229 feet (70 m) MSL and parts of it are underwater year round.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,674 people, 598 households, and 429 families residing in the town. The population density was 705.5 people per square mile (272.7/km²). There were 642 housing units at an average density of 270.6/sq mi (104.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 69.71% African American, 29.45% White, 0.06% Native American, 0.12% Asian, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.

There were 598 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 28.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.35.

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