Colonna family

related topics
{son, year, death}
{church, century, christian}
{household, population, female}
{build, building, house}
{game, team, player}

The Colonna family was a powerful Italian noble family in medieval and Renaissance Rome, supplying one Pope and many other Church and political leaders. Their family is notable for their bitter feud with the Orsini family over influence in Rome until it was stopped by Papal Bull in 1511; in 1571 the Chiefs of both families married nieces of Pope Sixtus V.

Contents

Family history

Early history

According to tradition, the Colonna are a branch of the Counts of Tusculum — by Peter (1099–1151) son of Gregory III, called Peter "de Columna" from his property, the Columna Castle, in Colonna, Alban Hills.

The first cardinal from the family was appointed in 1206 when Giovanni Colonna di Carbognano was made Cardinal Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano[1]. For many years, cardinal Giovanni di San Paolo (elevated in 1193) was identified as member of the Colonna family and therefore its first representative in the College of Cardinals, but modern scholars have established that this was based on the false information from the beginning of 16th century[2].

At this time a rivalry began with the pro-papal Orsini family, leaders of the Guelph faction. This reinforced the pro-Emperor Ghibelline course that the Colonna family followed throughout the period of conflict between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1297, Cardinal Jacopo (aka Giacomo Colonna) disinherited his brothers Ottone, Matteo, and Landolfo of their lands. The latter three appealed to Pope Boniface VIII who ordered Jacopo to return the land, and furthermore hand over the family's strongholds of Colonna, Palestrina, and other towns to the Papacy. Jacopo refused; in May, Boniface removed him from the College of Cardinals and excommunicated him and his followers for four generations.

Full article ▸

related documents
Billung
Cavendish, Suffolk
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
Henry Middleton
Philip I, Count of Savoy
Ruthwell
John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg
Henry Martyn Baird
Susan May Williams
George Everest
William Camden
Periboea
Nils Torvalds
James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn
Pope John I
Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff
William Barclay (jurist)
Alfonso V of León
John Butler Yeats
List of Danish monarchs
William King (poet)
Arthur Middleton
Bandiera Brothers
John II, Duke of Brabant
Tsaritsa
Fódla
Pope Clement II
Robert I of France
Henry Liddell