Columbia, New Hampshire

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Columbia is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 750 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 861.[1] It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT micropolitan statistical area.



The township was originally chartered in 1762 and named Preston, after Richard Graham, 1st Viscount Preston of Scotland. Settlers failed to meet the terms of the original grant, so the plantation was transferred in 1770 to grantees including Sir James Cockburn, 8th Baronet, after which it was named Cockburn Town, incorporated in 1797. In 1811, in the lead-up to the War of 1812, Governor John Langdon changed the name to Columbia. [2]

Although the surface is uneven and mountainous, the soil was of good quality. Maple sugar became an important product, and lumber was cut and transported on rafts down the Connecticut River to markets. By 1859, when the population was 762, Columbia had four sawmills, three gristmills, two clapboard machines, and a starch mill. [3]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.9 square miles (158 km2), of which 60.8 sq mi (157 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) is water, comprising 0.10% of the town. It is drained by the east and west branches of Simms Stream. The highest point is the summit of Blue Mountain, at 3,720 feet (1,130 m) above sea level. Columbia lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[4]

The town is served by U.S. Route 3.


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 750 people, 300 households, and 218 families residing in the town. The population density was 12.3 people per square mile (4.8/km²). There were 449 housing units at an average density of 7.4/sq mi (2.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.60% White, 0.13% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.27% Asian, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

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