Conservative Party (UK)

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The Conservative and Unionist Party is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom which adheres to a philosophy of conservatism and British unionism. It is currently the largest single party in the House of Commons ruling in a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats. Its leader is the The Right Hon. David Cameron MP, who is also the Prime Minister.

The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 out of the old Tory Party, founded in 1678, and even today it is still often colloquially referred to as the Tory Party and its members as Tories. It changed its name to "Conservative and Unionist Party" in 1912 after merging with the Liberal Unionist Party although the name is rarely used and it is generally referred to as simply 'The Conservative Party'.

In the European Parliament, the Conservatives are the largest British party with 25 MEP's and are a member of the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) group. They are an opposition party in the Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly and are currently allied to the Ulster Unionist Party in Northern Ireland, which is an opposition party in the Assembly.

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