Corporation for Public Broadcasting

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The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) is a private non-profit corporation created by an act of the United States Congress and partially funded by the United States Federal Government to promote public broadcasting. Historically, 15% to 20% of the aggregate revenues of all public broadcasting stations have been funded from federal sources, principally through CPB.[1]

CPB was created on November 7, 1967 when U.S. president Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967. The new organization initially collaborated with the pre-existing National Educational Television network. In 1969 CPB talked to private groups to start the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).[2] In 1970, CPB formed National Public Radio (NPR), a network of public radio stations.[2]

CPB provides some funding for PBS and NPR, but much more of its funding goes to public television and radio stations that are members of PBS or NPR, as well as to other broadcasters that are independent of those organizations. In more recent years, CPB has started funding some Internet-based projects.

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Funding of and by CPB

CPB's annual budget is composed almost entirely of an annual appropriation from Congress plus interest on those funds.[3] For fiscal year 2010, its appropriation was $422 million (including $2 million in interest earned). The distribution of these funds were as follows:[4]

  • $21.0 million (a maximum of 5 percent of the total budget) for CPB administrative costs
  • $25.2 million (a maximum of 6 percent of the total budget) for funds to support the Public Broadcasting Service generally, as opposed to specific stations.
  • $281.85 million (66.8 percent of the total budget) for public television, distributed as:

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