County Limerick

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County Limerick (Irish: Contae Luimnigh) is one of the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland, and also one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland, located within the province of Munster. It was named after the city of Limerick (Irish: Luimneach) which has an urban population of about 100,000 people. Limerick is the tenth largest of Ireland’s 32 counties in area and eighth largest in terms of population[1]. It is the fifth largest of Munster’s 6 counties in size and second largest in terms of population.

The River Shannon flows through the city of Limerick and into the Atlantic Ocean at the north of the county. Below the city, the waterway is known as the Shannon Estuary. Because the estuary is shallow, the county's most important port is several kilometres west of Limerick city, at Foynes. Newcastle West is the most important county town outside of Limerick city with a population of around 10,000. Other towns mainly lie along the Limerick – Tralee roads (N21) and Limerick – Cork road (N20).

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History

It is thought that humans had established themselves in the Lough Gur area of the county as early as 3000 BC, while megalithic remains found at Duntryleague date back further to 3500 BC. The arrival of the Celts around 400 BC brought about the division of the county into petty kingdoms or túatha.

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