Crane, Texas

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Crane is a city in and the county seat of Crane County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 3,191 at the 2000 census. An oil boomtown dating from the 1920s, it is still in the center of a prominent oil-producing region. Crane is the only significant town in sparsely-populated Crane County, and also contains the county's only post office.

Contents

History

While the post office dates from 1908, it was the 1926 discovery of oil in the vicinity that brought in enough fortune-seekers to populate a town. Streets are named for the children of O.C. Kinnison, the realtor who drew up the town map. As in other oil boomtowns, development of services lagged behind temporary dwellings for the workers, although paved roads and other basic infrastructure was added as the town grew. Peak population as reported by the U.S. Census was in 1960 at 3,796, and it has declined slightly since, although the town remains the center for servicing the oil fields in Crane County.[4]

Some notable residents of Crane and the nearby area included the Western author Elmer Kelton, who moved to a ranch near Crane in 1929, at age three, and attended the school in Crane,[5] and oilman, rancher, and historian Clayton W. Williams, Sr., who operated a water and ice company in Crane from 1927-1935. Current State Senator Kip Averitt, a Republican from Waco, spent his early years in Crane.

Geography

Crane is located at 31°23′35″N 102°21′3″W / 31.39306°N 102.35083°W / 31.39306; -102.35083 (31.392949, -102.350751)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,191 people, 1,096 households, and 865 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,129.7 people per square mile (1,207.9/km²). There were 1,278 housing units at an average density of 1,253.5/sq mi (483.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.52% White, 3.01% African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 19.43% from other races, and 2.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 45.41% of the population.

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