Croatian language

related topics
{language, word, form}
{country, population, people}
{theory, work, human}
{church, century, christian}
{work, book, publish}
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{school, student, university}
{area, part, region}
{law, state, case}
{acid, form, water}
{town, population, incorporate}

Croatian (hrvatski jezik) is the collective name for the standard language and dialects spoken by Croats,[3] principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and neighbouring countries. They are varieties of the Serbo-Croatian language, along with Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin.[4][5][6]

Standard and literary Croatian is based on the central dialect, Shtokavian (Štokavian), more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of standard Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin. The two other principal Croatian dialects are Chakavian (Čakavian) and Kajkavian. These dialects, and the four national standards, are commonly subsumed under the term "Serbo-Croatian" in English, though this term is controversial for native speakers[7] and paraphrases such as "Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian" are therefore sometimes used instead, especially in diplomatic circles.

Vernacular texts in the Chakavian dialect first appeared in the 13th century, and Shtokavian texts appeared a century later. Standardization began in the period sometimes called "Baroque Slavism" in the first half of the 17th century,[8] while some authors date it back to the end of 15th century.[9] The modern Neo-Shtokavian standard that appeared in the mid 18th century was the first unified Croatian literary language.[10]

Croatian is written in Gaj's Latin alphabet.[11]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Spanish language
Malay language
Romance languages
Dravidian languages
Thai alphabet
Korean language
Hebrew grammar
Writing system
Spoken Finnish
Meter (poetry)
Altaic languages
Taiwanese
Czech language
Aramaic language
Serbo-Croatian language
Welsh language
Grammatical aspect
Gujarati language
Language game
Split infinitive
Urdu
Italian language
Danish language
Vowel harmony
Etruscan language
Click consonant
Romanian language
English plural
Coptic language
Latin spelling and pronunciation