Crosby County, Texas

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Crosby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 7,072. The seat of the county is Crosbyton[1]. The county and its seat are both named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner in Texas. Crosby County is one of 30[2] prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas. It forms part of the Lubbock metropolitan area. Crosby County was founded in 1876.


History Timeline

  • 11000 b.c. Paleo-Indians first inhabitants. Archeological artifacts indicate Hunter-gatherers who hunted the Mammoth, Mastodon, Saber-Toothed Tiger, and Giant Ground Sloth. Later native American inhabitants include the Comanche.[3]
  • 1871 Ranald S. Mackenzie fights Quanah Parker and other Comanches at the Battle of Blanco Canyon. The campaign establishes the Mackenzie Trail used by the first settlers in Crosby County in the late 1870s.[4]
  • 1876 The Texas legislature forms Crosby County from Young and Bexar districts.[3]
  • 1878 Bavaria-born Heinrich Schmidtt, aka Henry “Hank” Clay Smith, and his wife Elizabeth Boyle and their six children, become the first permanent settlers in the area, where Hank is active in the county’s organization.[5][6][7]
  • 1879 Confederate veteran Paris Cox first visits the Caprock Escarpment of the Llano Estacado with a group of buffalo hunters.[8]
  • 1886 Estacado is named the county seat.[9]
  • 1900 The beef industry thrives, supporting a count of 30,618 head.[3]
  • 1908 The Bar-N-Bar Ranch begins selling acreage to farmers.[3]
  • 1910 Crosbyton becomes the new county seat.[10]
  • 1920 Some 45,400 acres (184 km2) in the county are planted in cotton. 15.000 apple and peach trees grow in the county.[3]
  • 1929 Farmers own 83,000 chickens, and sell 395,000 dozen eggs.[3]
  • 1941 The first soil-conservation district in the county is formed.[3]
  • 1955 Oil is discovered in the county.[3]

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