Crown Point, New York

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Crown Point is a town in Essex County, New York, USA. The population was 2,119 at the 2000 census. The name of the town is a direct translation of the original French name, "Point au Chevalure."

The Town of Crown Point is on the eastern edge of the county. It is 39 miles (63 km) southwest of Burlington, VT, 44 miles (70 km) north-northeast from Queensbury, NY, 108 miles (175 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 90 miles (145 km) north of Albany, New York.[1]

Contents

History

Two forts were built (c. 1731) near the current location of the town, Fort St. Frédéric by the French and later Fort Crown Point by the British.

During colonial times and the American Revolutionary War, its strategic location often made Crown Point an important location. Situated on the west shore of Lake Champlain about 15 miles north of Fort Ticonderoga it provided a fortified position about a day's travel north of that site.

After the failure of the American Invasion of Canada in 1776, it represented the northernmost point of American control. During the British Saratoga Campaign in 1777, General Burgoyne organized a supply magazine here to support his attack of Ticonderoga.

The Town of Crown Point is an original town of the county, established in 1786 before Essex County was created. Parts of Crown Point were used to form the Towns of Elizabethtown (1798) and Willsboro (1788).

The modern settlement of the town began around 1800 with an influx of settlers from Vermont.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 81.9 square miles (212.1 km²), of which, 76.3 square miles (197.5 km²) of it is land and 5.6 square miles (14.6 km²) of it (6.89%) is water.

The east town line, defined by Lake Champlain, is the border of Vermont (Addison County). The Champlain Bridge (Route 17) connected Crown Point to Vermont. In 2009, the bridge was demolished. A temporary ferry service, operated by the Lake Champlain Transportation Company and funded by the States of New York and Vermont currently provides access from Crown Point to Vermont. The new bridge at Crown Point is scheduled to open in August of 2011.[2][3]

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